There are many levels of government that have a vested interested in the Tourism Industry. As one of the fastest growing global industries, tourism generates significant revenue for not only the governments involved, but also the communities and destinations that provide the service and experiences that attract visitors. However, today, more than ever before, governments are looking at alternative methods of funding tourism development and marketing programs, as well as regional tourism governance organizations. This study looks at the tourism industry in the province of New Brunswick, Canada, and assesses the impact that proposed government hotel levy legislation will have on the governance structure of the various industry associations in the province.
Tourism industry is a back bone of economy in every developing country like Nepal. Development of tourism sector has contributed to increase employment and income generation of a country. Nepal is famous for natural beauties, like Mt. Everest, the highest peak of the world. Cultural heritages like temple of Lord Pashupatinath, Lumbini: the birth place of Lord Buddha. So, Nepal has become the attractive destination for tourists all over the world. The present study is based on primary data. The primary data were collected by hotel and restaurant owner, hotel and restaurant worker and informal employment and observation, discussion and survey of hotels/lodges and other people of Chitwan. This study provides basic information and general guidelines to the associated businessman, employer, policy maker and decision makers about the way to attain sustainable tourism development. This research is important for the study of employment opportunity in Tourism Related Business in Sauraha Chitwan.
Рассматриваются организация индустрии туризма и гостиничного хозяйства, рынок туристских услуг, государственное регулирование туристской деятельности, виды туризма (религиозный, экологический, клубный отдых). Дан словарь туристских терминов. В качестве приложения приводятся законодательные и нормативные документы, программа, тесты и экзаменационные билеты по курсу `Организация международной туристской и гостиничной деятельности` (1-е изд. — 1999 г.). Для студентов и преподавателей вузов, работников туристских фирм и гостиниц.
For Russia the problems of formation of an effective, rational state support of agriculture are relevant for internal and external economic factors: membership in the WTO, the transition to the common free market zone and subsequently, to the Eurasian Economic Union; global changes in the situation on the world food market, the increase of population in the world and growth of demand in the food supply; the increased activity of Russian agricultural producers on world markets of grain products; critical analysis of tools and the effectiveness of economic policy. Government support of agriculture in conditions of WTO membership should become a priority in economic policy. The main subject of the Scientific collective monograph consists in showing positive course of Russian agriculture over the last years-entering the global market.
This book includes three essays on econometrics of the agricultural household model. The first essay provides a new method to derive the shadow wage and shadow income. The method is based on the observation that the shadow wage is the marginal product of labor at the optimal point of both farm and household production functions. Thus, both the shadow wage and shadow income can be derived without estimating the farm production function. The second essay proposes an empirical agricultural household model which is robust to market imperfections and tractable enough for simulation and parameter estimation. The model is used to study the effects of trade liberalization in Vietnam from 1993 to 1998. The third essay offers a new separation hypothesis test which allows the researcher to assign each individual farmer to the appropriate model rather than just assigning a model to all farmers in a given sample. The method comes from the structural break literature in time-series econometrics. A search dimension is created with cross-section data, which acts like a time dimension in time-series data, so that the method can be applied to cross-section data
This book discusses market power of cooperatives in Ethiopia and investigates the factors that influence market power. A standard analytical tool such as Herfindahl index, the commonly used competition assessment tool, is employed to analyze the degree of market concentration within the defined marketplace. The share of cooperatives is significantly low indicating that the market is dominated by non cooperative firms. The book comprises six chapters. The first chapter dovetails market power of cooperatives; second chapter deals with empirical studies on market power and conceptual framework; the methodological approach is discussed in the third chapter. Chapter four is devoted for analyzing the market power of cooperatives; factors explaining market power of cooperatives is analyzed in the fifth chapter using binary dependent logistic regression model; and in final chapter major findings, conclusion and recommendations for policy implications are offered.